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Len Crome Videos

 Len Crome Medical Officer International Brigades Spanish Civil War The Len Crome Memorial Lectures have been held annually since 2002. They are endowed "to commemorate the sacrifice of the Spanish people and the International Brigades in the defence of liberty and democracy and to place their contribution in a contemporary context."

Len Crome was born in Russia and trained as a doctor in Edinburgh. Following the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936  he went to Spain with the Scottish Ambulance Unit but joined the International Brigades soon after his arrival. He became Chief Medical Officer of the 35th Divison and then of the 15th Army Corps during the Battle of the Ebro. It was during this long battle that he worked near the front at the now-famous Cave Hospital - Cova de Sta. Llúcia - near La Bisbal de Falset (about 100 miles west of Barcelona).

During World War II  Len Crome served in North Africa and Italy and was awarded an MC for clearing casualities at the Battle of Monte Casino. After the war he continued his work as a pathologist in England and then in Holland. At the time of his death in 2001 he was Chairman of the International Brigade Association; the forerunner of today's IBMT.

The videos of lectures are dated but are not presented in any particular order.

'Spanish Women in the 1930s'

Paul Preston on 'Spanish Women in the 1930s', he explained "how the Spanish Republic had given much to women and Franco's victory in the Spanish Civil War took away much more." He mentions his book 'The Doves of War' Four women in the SCW'.

Recorded in Manchester, England, at the 2016 IBMT Len Crome Memorial Lecture. More information about the Len Crome Memorial Lectures and the IBMT at

'Women in 1930s Spain: a brief introduction.' by Paul Preston

Len Crome Memorial Conference, Manchester, 2nd March 2013

Unfortunately Paul Preston was ill and was unable to attend the conference. Jim Jump, secretary of the IBMT, read Professor Preston's paper. The paper noted that while Orwell's 'Homage to Catalonia' year on year outsells any other text on the Spanish Civil War, it is nevertheless only a partial and localised view of the war and misleading as a description of the reasons for the Spanish Republic's defeat. Preston's paper concluded by saying that Orwell's memoir "had given much succour to those who wished to claim, whether from the far left or the far right, that the defeat of the Spanish Republic was somehow more the responsibility of Stalin than of Franco, Hitler, Mussolini or Neville Chamberlain". He ended his lecture by quoting Orwell: "...curiously enough the whole experience has left me with not less but more belief in the decency of human beings."

Paul Preston: 'George Orwell and the Spanish Civil War'